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Nuclei or Atom

 

Fatema Miah:

Nuclei or Nuclear  is  an existential element. When we touch on Nuclei Atom we engage in subject Physic. Physics core element is radioactivity.  In Physics  Einstein’s equation E equal to MC square formula is an on going notation and Marie Currie invention still is the  sciences advancement subject matter.

In the recent years I wrote a lot about our climate, the cause and it’s effect, it’s sedimentary  past and present status. How carbon dioxide emmission accumulated naturally and mammade and effecting our earths atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, biology, psychology, theology,  biology, philosophy and political manipulation etc.

Let’s turn a page and shift into Nuclei Atom the existential element. Nuclei or well known as Nuclear, energy is the currents worlds dominant subject matter. We understand the Nuclear better and more often as it is of warfare weaponry. The universe is well acquaint of Nuclear power per it’s vast destructive capacity.

Atom is an existential element that the world is made up of tiny building  blocks of atoms. Atoms are very small that tem million of atoms will fit in a metre devision of a ruler. The Diameter of an Atom is ten- billionth of a metre. Abundant amount of billions of Atoms there are around us. There are many different types of Atoms among them more natural elements and some chemical elements.

Atom consists of  Vast electron and a small tiny amount of mixture of  protons and neutrons in it’s centre called nucleus plural for nuclei, that is what our  possessive worlds nuclear power is about.  There are six each protons and neutrons in nucleus inside in the centre of Atom surrounded by electrons elements makes upto total size of ten-billionth of a metre.

The protons  and neutrons in the nucleus is an extreme small volume forms the aspect of electromagnetic force. There is a  strong  force acts between protons  neutrons holds the nucleus together. From the interaction of particles  radioactivity forms. Unstable nucleus emits particles and energy and such called radioactive.

The emitted particles have enough energy to detach electrons from atoms or the molecules that they interact with. This turns the natural atoms molecules into charged ions and the omitted particles are called ionising radiation. Radioactivity and nuclear energy are linked though not the same aspect.

Radioactivity isn’t a new thing. Radioactive materials are all around us. It did exist before human being and has been part of environment. It is the Radioactive decay provides majority of earths internal heat and this drives plate Tetronic and  causes the volcanoes to erupt. Radioactivity was discovered in 1896. Radiation from uranium salt characterised to work for photography and x-ray.

There are three types of particles emitted of  radiation or radioactivity. The largest emitted particles are  positively charged. This was  named Alpha, They compose two protons and two neutrons and it makes massive radioactive emmission and it becomes a different element.  This turns into helium and is harmful to biological tissue.

The 2nd particles named Beta and it’s a negative charged and emits to transform into barium. The 3rd particles type are high energy electromagnetic radiation named Gemma. These are non natural, chemical types. All three radiation types can damage human cells  and leads to cancer. There are also some good uses of radioactivity.

The positive use of Atom or the Nuclear power is to generate electricity by Nuclear reactor  based on induced fission.  Einstein postulated that mass and energy interchangeable then an Italian Physicist Fermi  through experiment achieved 1st nuclear reaction and generated small amount of heat. The Nuclear reactor was primarily used for bomb making  material.

Nuclear power is based on energy released each time. There is a clear relationship between mass and energy in nuclear science. The release mechanism called fission. Einstein’s equation E equal to MC square is used in working out nuclear energy power with different number of mass in different notations.

Fatema Miah, Solihull, uk. fatemamiah@mail.com