We talked about Climate mitigation and adaptation to resilient on essential aspects. Building construction is another effective or the most fixed and long time aspect. There our Architectural scientists have introduced a range of techniques for making buildings more resilient to the changing climate.
Here are some more ways in which the built environment can be adapted. The new building can be built under new approved climate suitable design. Also the existing building stock can be upgraded to the approved level.. Good building design starting at the construction phase. To mitigate climate change and reduce the environmental impact of construction the construction companies are sourcing their materials more responsibly. They reducing transportation costs and planting trees alongside new built environments. The buildings need to be resilient to changes occurring around them, including beneath them.
Where precipitation and temperature patterns start to vary, the ground beneath a building can change its water content. After 2002 heatwave, insurance claims for building subsidence in the UK have risen by 68% over the next years. It happens with too much water in the ground, leading to the ground swelling. The old build constructions are more at risk as building, and new a regulations for building foundations have only recently been introduced. For Climate change mitigation resilient it is needed buildings to be built to be able to withstand the incurring changes.
Adaptation is knowing where it is or isn’t sensible to build. Any sloped areas have been traditionally okay to build on up till now. Now on, with the climate changing need, a SMARTER planning of building needed to be for in areas that could destabilise with repeated over-wetting and over-drying on a seasonal, cyclical basis. This is proving tricky matter though with population increases and expanding cities. In the UK, the building scope running out of good quality land to build Comfortable and sustainable buildings.
About those buildings have been built and isn’t likely to subside any time soon, there is now the challenge of designing them to be as comfortable as possible with hotter summers. Where glass is a popular building material, it lets in natural light and makes buildings look pleasant, glass also has the warming effect to heat the building up naturally as it traps the sun’s heat in, like a greenhouse (blanket effect). Its a great prospect also said that it should be carefully designed.
About the heatwaves, of they become more prevalent, the last place you’d want to be is in a greenhouse. Buildings should be designed to be comfortable in all weather condition, including the likely possibility of heatwaves. The construction architect saying, “providing areas of shading beneath glassed areas allows for a good temperature to be maintained. Similarly, innovation with ventilation and air-tight design can make a building ‘breathe’ to maintain temperature, rather than use heating and air conditioning.”
There The Forum Building at the University of Exeter was designed with sustainability in mind. SMART technology is deeply embedded in the design to open windows and doors to keep a constant temperature. Also choosing where not to build is an important part in the urban environment. It’s important to increase the amount of ‘green’ and ‘blue’ space. An area should be dedicated to vegetation and there also should be open water to reduce the urban heat island effect. To allow to reduce the chance of heat stress, and even death. The Built Buildings absorb heat and keep heat locked in during the night. The urban areas don’t cool at night time. Green and blue spaces allow a city to cool at night, and help people and animals not to dehydrate. It says in a UK government report – ‘The business case for adapting buildings to climate change’ – wrote that many business and property owners aren’t aware of the risks to the built environment and have no plans to upgrade their stock to adapt.
By adapting our existing building stock the risks of death will be reduced. Our cities are already full of buildings and its crucial to adapt our existing building stock alongside new developments because it’s not possible to replace every buildings with new built per the cost of buildings as well as demolition. More importantly it would be the chaotic of placement, shifting and rehousing. There are things that you can do to your own home to improve it. What we are already aware of solutions such as energy efficient lightbulbs, double-glazed windows, walls and loft insulation can make massive savings to your energy bills. It said, there falling the cost of solar panels and electric vehicles in the developed world means they become affordable and we’ll see more of them around.
The air pollution is one of the biggest environmental risks to health and according to the UN SDGs, “household air pollution from cooking with unclean fuels or inefficient technologies [leads] to an estimated 4.3 million deaths. Homes in the developing world can also benefit from innovations, such as better cooking stoves, ventilation systems and education of the risks can reduce the risks and deaths drastically. In houses with thin, metal roofs, a bottle filled with bleach and water “impregnated” into the roof can act as a lightbulb and provide surprisingly effective lighting for a home. It works through the refraction of light and provides a sustainable alternative for improving living conditions where access to electricity remains limited.