Researchers controlled for family income, parents’ education, race and ethnicity, and gender. The data also showed that looks tend to have a higher impact for boys than girls on achievement levels.“Because students who perform better in primary and secondary school are more likely to obtain additional education, these results imply that some of the labour market returns to education arise from the indirect effect of looks on educational attainment,” the report said. “This indirect effect is in addition to the direct effect of looks on earnings and other economic outcomes.”
The paper — by Daniel Hamermesh of Barnard College, Rachel Gordon of the University of Illinois and Robert Crosnoe of the University of Texas at Austin — was posted by the National Bureau of Economic Research.
The report uses data from two studies: the 1991-2005 U.S. Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, which followed progress of 1,364 children from six months old until the age of 15; and the 1958 cohort of the U.K. National Child Development Survey, which recorded reading and math scores of 10,307 students and has solicited updates from participants throughout their lives.
Using short video clips of participants in the U.S. study at various stages throughout the 15-year period, undergraduate students rated the children on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the most attractive. The U.K. study solicited teachers’ views on their students’ attractiveness at ages seven and 11 on a less-precise scale.