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Diet and medicine for Covid-19 patients with high blood pressure

Diet and medicine for Covid-19 patients with high blood pressure

Early studies surveying people with the novel coronavirus disease found that up to 30 per cent of them had hypertension, according to a report by The Lancet.
So, how are hypertension and the risk of coronavirus related?

“High blood pressure in itself does not cause an increased susceptibility to coronavirus. But from what we have seen so far, about one-fourth to half of the COVID-19 patients who had to be admitted had high blood pressure, among other ailments,” Dr Nishith Chandra, cardiology, director-interventional cardiology, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, told indianexpress.com.He said, “A person with high blood pressure or other heart diseases, who is exposed to the virus, however, is more likely to require hospitalisation or even ventilation, as opposed to infected patients without blood pressure.”

How to control blood pressure

 

1. Adhere to a good lifestyle; follow a healthy diet and keep yourself physically active by exercising.

 

2. Avoid excess salt in your food. 

3. Eat fruits and vegetables that are rich in potassium like spinach, broccoli, apricots, raisins and dates.

 

4. Drink three to four litres of water daily to remain hydrated.

 

5. Limit the consumption of alcohol and caffeine to keep your blood pressure levels in check.

 

6. If you are unable to control blood pressure, consult your doctor without delay.

 

Do blood pressure medicines increase COVID-19 risk?

A study published in The New England Journal of Medicine stated that blood pressure medicines do not put you at more risk of contracting the virus. “These medications don’t increase your risk of contracting COVID-19. They are vital to maintaining your blood pressure levels to reduce your risk of heart attack, stroke and worsening heart disease,” said the American Heart Association, Heart Failure Society of America and the American College of Cardiology on March 17, 2020.