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Food intake and healthy diet.

 

Fatema Miah:

We eat food for hunger to satisfy our hungry desire, as our regular meal or in-between meals.  we eat when we feel bored or upset as sort of comfort and it is psychological drive.  Also we eat as sensory mode that is per sense, vision and smell as we get temptation. When we see or smell we feel tempted to eat or even feel hungry often.  It is ghrelin drive signals to brain cell hypothemamus together drive to temptation to eating.

We take great deal of more food than necessity and the excess converts into fat and stored. In our digestive system, we break down the proteins in the food we eat into their component molecules, called amino acids. There are 20 Amino acids and 8 are prime essentials.

The excess amino acids in our diet cannot be stored for long in the body, if they are not needed for building new proteins. Our system automatically get rid of them, unlike sugar and salt.

Salt intake recommendation is; Total, upto 3g max per day recommended to maintain balance blood pressure.

Though, ” In the UK on average our dietary salt intake is 9.5g, here   it is talking about to bringing this down to 6g, or if you’re very careful you can get it down to the recommended 5g – but it’s very difficult because of the amount of salt already in the food we buy.” According to Queens Merry University in London research result.

Proper name for salt is sodium chloride, a type of chemical. What you may see ‘sodium’ name given on salt packaging rather than salt itself.

Sodium can be converted in values to salt values by multiplying by 2.5.This is how it’s work, It is 0.5g of sodium would be 1.25 g of salt.

“Another substance similar to sodium is potassium and studies have shown that potassium has the opposite effect on blood pressure to sodium; the higher the potassium intake, the lower the blood pressure.”

In 2013, the World Health Organisation issued the first guidelines on potassium intake. Adults should consume more than 4 g of potassium a day.

The best sources for potassium are fruit, particularly bananas, and vegetables and there are additional health benefits to increasing fruit and vegetable consumption.

Carbohydrates main food molecules in out body,  comes from plants, (including honey processed by bees molecules taken from plants ), includes of sugar, starch and cellulose. Carbohydrate is a general term that includes various kinds of sugars, together with starch and cellulose.

Sugar in out food. We are aware of  several different sorts of sugar there are in our food.  Here we have the glucose as one type.

Sucrose is Another type of sugar. The sugar that is obtained by extraction from sugar cane or sugar beet is the sucrose. Different methods of purification and processing of the sugary liquid from the cane or beet give us the various sorts of sugar is sucrose that we buy granulated  sugar, brown sugar, etc. Other type of sugars also occur naturally;  in fruit is fructose and milk is lactose.

Some people do need extra sugar intake to be able to balance sugar level.

At distressing time under stress people take extra sugar and body preserves it. For others extra amount of sugar raises sugar level up in blood. Exercising is the best cure and maintenance to balance the high sugar level.

There is Fibre that  is one of those in ‘foods’ that you eat, but you do not digest. So it contains no useful calories. It goes through your digestive system largely unchanged, but it helps the food to move along through your digestive system, so that constipation is less likely.

Wheat, rice, oats grains, beans, some veg and pulses have fibre,  and onion tomatoes and peanut are the one that has high in fibre. Surprisingly Only 10g recommended  of fibre are available in  per 100g  oats based breakfast.

Fatema Miah, Solihull, uk. fatemamiah@mail.com