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Lethal diseases can be treated before birth thanks to gene editing

In a first, scientists have performed prenatal gene editing to prevent a lethal metabolic disorder in animals, offering the potential to treat human congenital diseases before birth.   Using both CRISPR-Cas9 and base editor 3 (BE3) gene-editing tools, researchers from University of Pennsylvania and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) in the US reduced cholesterol levels in healthy mice treated in ...

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100 years on, Spanish Flu holds lessons for next pandemic

It was the disease to end all others, infecting a third of humanity, killing tens of millions in their beds and prompting panicked talk of the end of days across continents still reeling from war.   One hundred years on from the influenza outbreak known as the Spanish Flu, scientists say that while lessons have been learned from the deadliest ...

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Type-2 diabetes signs ‘detectable years before diagnosis’

The warning signs of type-2 diabetes may be detectable 20 years before the disease is diagnosed, researchers say. Elevated fasting blood sugar levels and insulin resistance were seen in people years before they developed pre-diabetes, often a pre-cursor to type-2, a study found.   The findings suggest interventions to stop the disease in its tracks should begin far earlier in ...

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Vitamin D supplements do not boost bone health: Lancet study

Intake of Vitamin D supplements does not prevent fractures or falls, or improve bone mineral density in adults, especially in women, claimed a new Lancet study.   Vitamin D supplements have long been recommended for older people to treat or prevent osteoporosis — a bone loss condition — with some early evidence suggesting benefits for bone health.  However, the study, ...

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HIV-positive mother donates liver to save daughter’s life

Faced with the only chance to save a child’s life, doctors in South Africa have performed a medical first — transplanting part of the liver from a HIV-positive mother to her HIV-negative daughter, it was announced Thursday.   The doctors at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg revealed that, one year after the operation, the child may not have caught ...

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Viagra may cause irreversible damage to colour vision

High doses of Viagra — a popular erectile-dysfunction medication — can cause irreverible damage to a person’s colour vision, a first-of-its-kind study suggests.   Researchers from Mount Sinai Health System in the US based their study on a 31-year-old patient who arrived at an urgent care clinic complaining of red-tinted vision in both eyes that had not gone away in ...

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Hand wash with soap can save a million lives: Lancet

Hand washing with soap can save at least a million lives annually by reducing water related diseases including Diarrhoea and pneumonia, said an article of Lancet, a UK based medical journal.   “Hygiene is the practice of keeping oneself and one’s environment clean and free of infection risk. Though many hygiene practices can assist in preventing disease, the one with ...

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Half of all women are at risk of dementia and Parkinson’s disease: study

Nearly half of women and one in three men are at risk of developing stroke or degenerative neurological diseases such as dementia and Parkinson’s during their lifetime, according to a study published Monday.   Dutch researchers considered all three conditions “in order to grasp how big the problem of incurable brain diseases in late life really is,” said the study’s ...

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NHS pays out record £20m compensation to brain injury teenager

Eighteen-year-old sustained brain injuries after being starved of oxygen as a baby An 18-year-old woman has been awarded almost £20m in compensation in what is believed to be a record payout by the NHS. The teenager, who cannot be named, sustained catastrophic brain injuries after being starved of oxygen as a baby when doctors failed to properly ventilate her. The ...

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Researchers find link between depression and heart disease

It is a known fact that depression is on the rise, especially amongst the middle age group. Currently, it is one of the leading causes of health perils across the world.   For quite some time now, a link between depression and heart disease has been observed. Like heart disease, depression is becoming increasingly common; therefore, it’s not unusual to ...

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