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Being inactive could lead to type 2 diabetes

Inactivity for two straight weeks among older overweight people increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.   Not only did an abrupt, brief period of inactivity hasten the onset of the disease and elevate blood sugar levels among pre-diabetic patients, but researchers reported that some study participants did not fully recover when they returned to normal activity for two weeks.  ...

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Hair loss gene could improve cancer immunotherapy: Study

 Harnessing the gene behind hair loss could help improve cancer immunotherapy.   A study by Columbia University Irving Medical Center researchers confirmed the possibility. “While immunotherapies have shown great promise in cancer, most patients do not benefit from these treatments because their tumours are able to evade the immune system,” said a lead researcher, Angela M. Christiano.  “But one way ...

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Japan human trial tests iPS cell treatment for Parkinson’s

Japanese researchers on Monday announced the first human trial using a kind of stem cell to treat Parkinson’s disease, building on earlier animal trials.   The research team at Kyoto University plans to inject five million induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS) cells — which have the potential to develop into any cell in the body — into patient brains, the university ...

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E-cigarettes, tobacco linked to higher risk of oral cancer

Turns out, Tobacco use remains a leading cause of oral cancer but the tobacco landscape is evolving with increasing use of non-cigarette tobacco products and dual-use of multiple product types.   Benjamin Chaffee and co-author Neal Benowitz, University of California, evaluated exposure to known carcinogens (a substance capable of causing cancer in living tissue) according to recent use of different ...

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Diabetes drugs help immune cells in controlling inflammation

Diabetes drugs act as a powerful curb for immune cells in controlling inflammation, a new study has found.   When tissues are damaged, one of the body’s first inflammatory immune-system responders are macrophages, cells which are commonly thought of as ‘construction workers’ that clear away damaged tissue debris and initiate repair.  However, prolonged inflammation promotes the progression of many diseases, ...

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Stay alert to dengue, doctors advise

1000 infected, 8 die in city this year Health experts have advised people to remain alert to the danger of dengue and chikungunya as the capital sees an outbreak of these diseases during this rainy season.   According to a report of Health Emergency Operations Centre and Control Room of Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), 992 dengue patients were ...

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Fake tan does not prevent skin cancer: Study

Sunless tanning or fake tanning products like sprays, ointments, creams, foams, or lotions that promise tan skin without the increased risk of skin cancer do not actually help prevent cancer.   A new study conducted by the researchers of the University of Minnesota Medical School sought to assess the demographic characteristics and skin cancer risk behaviours of adult sunless tanners.  ...

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Eye test can now detect early signs of dementia, says study

A new study suggests that a simple eye test by opticians can help gauge the risk of developing dementia. According to a report in BBC, scientists have now discovered that those with thinner retinas are more prone to be suffering from problems of reasoning and memory. The study, published in JAMA Neurology had taken into account 32,000 people and, using ...

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Lowering blood pressure helps prevent mental decline, says study

Lowering blood pressure more than usually recommended not only helps prevent heart problems, it also cuts the risk of mental decline that often leads to Alzheimer’s disease, a major study finds.   It’s the first time a single step has been clearly shown to help prevent a dreaded condition that has had people trying crossword puzzles, diet supplements and a ...

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New health calculator can predict heart disease risk

Scientists have developed a novel online health calculator using Big Data that can help people determine their risk of heart disease as well as their heart age.   The calculator allows individuals to accurately predict their risk of hospitalization or death from cardiovascular diseases within the next five years.  For example, if their risk is five per cent, it means ...

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